Chess Basics:

Here are the chess basics for those looking to learn how to play the game:

The Chess Board (setup of the pieces):


White moves first, followed by black, and moves are alternated until the game has reached a conclusion.

How the Pieces Move:

Pawn: The pawn can only move forward. If it is the first pawn move, it can move up one or two squares. Any other pawn moves are one square up. Pawns can capture pieces diagonally. If the pawn reaches the 8th rank, it can promote to a queen, rook, bishop, or knight. Pawn can also be captured En passant (if the pawn moves up two squares and there is a pawn on the same rank, it can capture the pawn by en-passant).
Knight: The knight moves in the shape of an L.
Bishop: The bishop can move only diagonally.
Rook: The rook can move up and down and side to side.
Queen: The queen can move in any direction and is considered the most powerful piece on the chessboard.
King: The king can move one square at a time in any direction (only exception is when the king is castling, where it can move two squares to the left or right, followed by the rook).


If you are in check, the only way to get out of check is by blocking with one of your pieces or by moving the king.

Game ends when:

The game is over once someone has reached a checkmate position, opponent resigns, someone loses on time (if the game uses a clock), a stalemate position is reached, or there is insufficient material on the board and checkmate is impossible (two kings are left on the board).